Although Honduras eventually adopted the name Republic of Honduras, the unionist ideal never waned, and Honduras was one of the Central American countries that pushed the hardest for a policy of regional unity. It may be possible to find a framework for stable coexistence. Many urban areas have sewer systems in place to collect wastewater, but proper treatment of wastewater is rare. The remaining generation capacity is run by ENEE (Empresa Nacional de Energía Eléctrica). In 1904, the writer O. Henry coined the term "banana republic" to describe Honduras,[30] publishing a book called Cabbages and Kings, about a fictional country, Anchuria, inspired by his experiences in Honduras, where he had lived for six months. Other languages spoken by some include Honduran sign language and Bay Islands Creole English. Natural disasters, such as 1998 Hurricane Mitch, have contributed to this inequality as they particularly affect poor rural areas. [9] Relief and reconstruction efforts following the storm were partial and incomplete, reinforcing existing levels of poverty rather than reversing those levels, especially for indigenous communities. This interest in regional agreements may have increased the alarm of establishment politicians. [101] There has been an increase in educational attainment, labor force participating, urban migration, late-age marriage, and contraceptive use amongst Honduran women. Johnston, Jake, and Stephan Lefebvre. [65] The nation's per capita income sits at around 600 US dollars making it one of the lowest in North America. Honduras' main newspapers are La Prensa, El Heraldo, La Tribuna and Diario Tiempo. ENEE receives heavy subsidies to counter its chronic financial problems, but Hondutel is no longer a monopoly. [75] Due to this he believes that the strategy did not provide a pathway for economic development that could lift Honduras out of poverty resulting in neither lasting economic growth of poverty reduction. [79], It is not uncommon for rural individuals to voluntarily enlist in the military, however this often does not offer stable or promising career opportunities. [11] The HDI for Latin America and the Caribbean overall is 0.751 with life expectancy at birth being 68.6, expected years of schooling being 11.5 (mean of 6.6) and GNI per capita being $6,281 (2015). "Dimensions of Child Sexual Abuse before Age 15 in Three Central American Countries: Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. These presidents are barely in office when they typically convene a constitutional convention to guarantee their reelection," said a 2009 Spiegel International analysis,[62] which noted that one reason to join ALBA was discounted Venezuelan oil. [80] The majority of high-ranking officials in the Honduran army are recruited from elite military academies. Aid. [78], The lower class predominantly consists of rural subsistence farmers and landless peasants. In 1998, Hurricane Mitch ravaged Central America, killing more than 11,000 people and causing billions of dollars in damage in one of the worst natural disasters in Atlantic history. [11], The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) ranks Honduras 116th for measures including women's political power, and female access to resources. In the 1840s and 1850s Honduras participated in several failed attempts at Central American unity, such as the Confederation of Central America (1842–1845), the covenant of Guatemala (1842), the Diet of Sonsonate (1846), the Diet of Nacaome (1847) and National Representation in Central America (1849–1852). [12] The nation had a relatively high political stability until its 2009 coup and again with the 2017 presidential election.[13]. In addition to Spanish, a number of indigenous languages are spoken in some small communities. About half of the electricity sector in Honduras is privately owned. Other typical dishes are the montucas or corn tamales, stuffed tortillas, and tamales wrapped in plantain leaves. In the weeks following Hurricane Mitch, though, the United States allocated the equivalent of roughly $200 million in emergency funding in today’s dollars. US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, advised by John Negroponte, the former Reagan-era Ambassador to Honduras implicated in the Iran–Contra affair, refrained from expressing support. [72], Honduras' Poverty Reduction Strategy was implemented in 1999 and aimed to cut extreme poverty in half by 2015. The new body would also have to focus on infrastructure and housing, since many roads and bridges that were rebuilt after Hurricane Mitch were washed away, again. In 1888, a projected railroad line from the Caribbean coast to the capital, Tegucigalpa, ran out of money when it reached San Pedro Sula. The social media company’s search for consistent rules has been long, winding, and entirely self-defeating. The national flower is the famous orchid, Rhyncholaelia digbyana (formerly known as Brassavola digbyana), which replaced the rose in 1969. Still, in Honduras are thriving Anglican, Presbyterian, Methodist, Seventh-day Adventist, Lutheran, Latter-day Saint (Mormon) and Pentecostal churches. The Peace Corps withdrew its volunteers in 2012, citing safety concerns. The government began construction of the first zones in June 2015.[86]. “The world is a very different place right now than it was in 1998,” Tiziano Breda, a Central America analyst for the International Crisis Group, said in November. [9] The lower class is primarily agriculturally based while wealth is concentrated in the country's urban centers. [108][109], The CIA Factbook lists Honduras as 97% Catholic and 3% Protestant. Last year, a brother of Hernández was convicted of drug trafficking in a New York court. [9] Over 80% of rice harvest and all of banana, plantain, and manioc harvests were lost. [1] The Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Housing (SOPRTRAVI in Spanish acronym) is responsible for transport sector policy. A majority of expatriate Hondurans live in the United States. Every night there is a little carnaval (carnavalito) in a neighborhood. [103] Women that experienced sexual abuse as children were found to be twice as likely to be in violent relationships. [11] Males have a GNI per capita of $6,254 while that of females is only $2,680. A string of authoritarian military governments held power uninterrupted until 1981, when Roberto Suazo Córdova was elected president. Another species associated as the national tree is the Pinus caribaea. Normally, donations are allocated to specific causes, such as food or medical, but the Scherrmans’ collected donations were able to uniquely help because they were not limited. Although the Spanish conquered the southern or Pacific portion of Honduras fairly quickly, they were less successful on the northern, or Atlantic side. Legends and fairy tales are paramount in Honduran culture. [101] 21% of men believed men were responsible for both. [37] Border tensions led to acrimony between the two countries after Oswaldo López Arellano, the president of Honduras, blamed the deteriorating Honduran economy on immigrants from El Salvador. To be sure, such ambitious plans would require funds, something the Biden administration would have a hard time securing when he takes office in January. In 2006 the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Energy announced the first phase of the Secure Freight Initiative (SFI), which built upon existing port security measures. The anthem is composed of a choir and seven stroonduran. [citation needed]. In the end, it was the poet Augusto Coello that ended up writing the anthem, with German-born Honduran composer Carlos Hartling writing the music. Biden’s plan for Central America contains a strong focus on anticorruption initiatives, which under the Trump administration’s watch suffered major setbacks, including most notably the international anti-impunity commissions in Honduras and Guatemala, which saw their mandates expire after support for a renewal from the United States, the primary funder of the commissions, evaporated. For the next week, the system moved very slowly through Honduras, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Belize, and … ", Speizer, Ilene S, et al. Around all of this an oval containing in golden lettering: "Republic of Honduras, Free, Sovereign and Independent". This is the second largest hurricane since Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which left the country in shambles. 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